Puppies and geriatric dogs can be more susceptible to danger from the cold. Pets with diabetes, heart disease, endocrine disorders, or kidney disease can have greater difficulty regulating their body temperature and are also at increased risk. Outdoor dogs need to be cared for differently as compared to indoor pets, especially when it comes to diet/ nutrition, exercise levels, housing/shelter, grooming and health concerns (arthritis, injuries).
Understanding the breed Some breeds are more suited to cold temperature as compared to other breeds. Breeds with high tolerance towards colder temperatures include Chow Chow, Maltese, and English Setter. On the other hand, breeds with low tolerance towards cold include Doberman, Greyhound, toy breeds, and shorthair breeds.
But even the ones who can bear low temperatures need shelter and warmth. Keeping them indoors A dog is happiest and healthiest when kept indoors. Dogs are sensitive to severe cold and are at risk for frostbite and hypothermia during extreme cold. Exposed skin on nose, ears, and paw pads can freeze and suffer permanent damage.
During the intense cold weather you should keep your pets warm inside the house. Take them for a walk during the sunny hours and avoid late evenings or early mornings. Groom your dog well Avoid excessive clipping of your pet’s coat, and the thick coat provides insulation against cold. It is important to maintain their grooming regime even in winter by combing out knots and brushing the coat thoroughly. Matted hair is less efficient at keeping them warm and insulated. Regular grooming also helps increase blood circulation and is great for overall wellness of your pet.
Winter can be harsh for your pet’s paws as well. Apply a little petroleum jelly or paw butter to keep their paw pads soft and healthy. Bathe your dog indoors Fewer baths during cold days or skipping baths altogether is recommended. If essential, bathe them with lukewarm water instead of hot water. Hot water can strip off the moisture from your pet’s skin making it drier. You can also opt for dry bath, easily available in various salons. After a bath, make sure your pet is completely dry before letting him go outside. Bathe them during the morning hours so that they can soak up some sun and be happy playing and drying themselves in the sun.